Senegal The Government of South Africa does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The government did not comprehensively monitor or investigate forced child labor or the labor trafficking of adults in the agricultural, mining, construction, and fishing sectors. St Pierre & Miquelon Armenia The Western Cape Department of Education partnered with an NGO to incorporate content from the NGO’s curriculum called “Bodies Are Not Commodities” into the province’s life orientation classes in grades nine and 10. Dominican Republic Russia Bolivia In coordination with an international organization, the government provided anti-trafficking training for its diplomatic personnel. If almost all countries participate in trafficking including middle economy countries like South Africa… India Solomon Islands Traffickers exploit foreign male victims aboard fishing vessels in South Africa’s territorial waters; NGOs estimated 10 to 15 victims of labor trafficking disembark each month in Cape Town. NGOs reported that SAPS sometimes left victims at shelters without first contacting DSD, left limited contact details for the case officers, or failed to follow up on cases. Despite these actions, NGOs continued to allege official complicity was common, including officials requesting sex acts or bribes in exchange for visas or residence permits, in order to not prosecute sex trafficking crimes, and to facilitate deportation of migrants so farm or factory managers would not have to pay their workers. This emerged during a Social Development Trafficking in Person’s Indaba last year in Mpumalanga. Lerato has been criticized for exaggerating the level of this crime in South Africa without valid evidence. Virgin Islands (Brit) Equatorial Guinea Cook Islands Trinidad & Tobago Human trafficking in South Africa and the rest of the continent is continuing unabated despite the coronavirus, resulting in hundreds of victims unable to get assistance, according to Interpol. New Caledonia Pakistan The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. • Accredit or establish additional trafficking-specific shelters for male and female victims. Andorra Tanzania Gauteng, Kwa-Zulu Natal (KZN), and Western Cape provinces generally offered adequate standards of care in urban areas; trafficking victims in these provinces, even if identified in a rural area, were generally able to access care. International Studies. Montenegro Lebanon Moldova The five men were arrested on Sunday morning following a Hawks Northern Cape and North West Serious Organised Crime investigation with the assistance of Crime Intelligence, K9, TRT, Crime Scene Investigation […] Angola Eritrea Macau Tajikistan But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Slovenia Human trafficking is a global issue that affects people from virtually every part of the world. South Africa is considered to be on the “Tier 2 Watchlist” for human trafficking. DHA often required foreign nationals to renew their immigration paperwork every two weeks, which placed an unnecessary financial and logistical burden on them and the NGOs providing their care. Vietnam Samoa American Rwanda The government did not make efforts to reduce demand for commercial sex or forced labor. Comoros Lebeya also appreciated the role that was played by community members who reported the matter to the Hawks. St Maarten • Increase human trafficking training to South African Police Service (SAPS) officers throughout the country. Serbia Turkmenistan The government reported that 20 victims chose to leave care facilities, some reportedly because the government failed to take law enforcement action against their traffickers. Out of this number, $8.9 billion comes from … The DSD hosted an awareness-raising talk on best practices in responding to child trafficking, which was attended by 200 delegates from across the country and supported by NPA and several provincial task teams. Benin Chad Greece Traffickers subject Pakistanis and Bangladeshis to forced labor through debt-based coercion in businesses owned by their co-nationals. Zambia Turks & Caicos Is NGOs reported that front-line officials responsible for receiving referrals were often unreachable, and that DSD and SAPS sometimes were not informed of their responsibilities to certify and refer victims, a necessary step before victims could receive care of any kind. The government launched its national policy framework on trafficking, a strategic plan to improve capacity and coordination among government agencies, and it conducted increased awareness-raising activities throughout the country. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. French Polynesia Norway Virgin Islands (USA) Albania “I want to encourage all South Africans to continuously work hand in glove with the law enforcement agencies to combat the ongoing threat posed by organised criminal groups.” The Department of Employment & Labor (DOEL) instituted mandatory trafficking training for all new labor inspectors, but the government did not comprehensively monitor or investigate forced child labor or the labor trafficking of adults in the agricultural, mining, construction, and fishing sectors. Tuvalu These efforts included increased investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of traffickers, including within organized criminal syndicates that facilitated the crime. Laos The discordant messages come out clearly when one reads through a media statement issued on 15 September 2020 by the South African Police Service (SAPS) … Stricter border control and new victim programs are tactical solutions. Palau Island Traffickers sometimes employ forced drug use to coerce sex trafficking victims. 07:15:08 PM . Belarus Wallis & Futana Is Oman Japan The Labor Relations Act provided protection to all workers in South Africa, without regard to citizenship, immigration status, or the possession of a valid work visa. Observers reported that some police accepted kickbacks from organized criminal syndicates, which often facilitated trafficking. The government also increased training of national and provincial frontline responders. Tokelau The government demonstrated overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period; therefore South Africa was upgraded to Tier 2. Djibouti Victims could not seek employment while receiving initial assistance, but South African citizens, South African residents, and registered refugees could seek employment while a court case was pending; other foreign victims could not seek employment, even if they cooperated with law enforcement and their trials extended several years. South Africa Mali Cubans working in South Africa may have been forced to work by the Cuban government. Niue For 20 years, the Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report) has demonstrated the United States’ conviction that human trafficking is a global threat necessitating a global response. Central African Republic Search warrants were served at two guesthouses – named by the South African Police Service as Birdsong B&B and Noble Guest House – at Kerk Street, Rustenburg. Traffickers force foreign and South African LGBTI persons to engage in commercial sex acts. NGOs reported that some police and border control officers received bribes from criminal syndicates; some police did not pursue traffickers out of fear of reprisals. France It adopted the Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional data collection tool and launched a national baseline study. Korea South Morocco Malta Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Channel Islands In July 2018, South Africa’s Constitutional Court clarified the act, holding that temporary workers were deemed to be employees of the clients of the labor brokers and entitled to working conditions no less favorable than those under which regular employees of the company worked. American Samoa St Helena Expert: Cybersex trafficking is a ‘family-based crime’ In data provided by UNICEF, the National Center of Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) reported a staggering 264% increase (or 279,166 from 76,561 from the same period last year) in online sexual abuse and exploitation of children (OSAEC) during the months of March, April, and May 2020 The government did not provide anti-trafficking training to its peacekeepers prior to their deployment abroad on international peacekeeping missions. Spain Hungary Christmas Island St Lucia Law enforcement officers arrested four police officers in Pretoria for human trafficking, kidnapping, and extortion related to 10 Bangladeshi nationals who were smuggled into South Africa. Human trafficking accused to appear in court Wednesday, August 26, 2020 The Johannesburg Magistrate’s Court is set to sit for the application for leave to appeal the bail conditions granted to seven Chinese nationals, arrested for alleged human trafficking and the violation of South Africa’s labour laws. Croatia The women aged between 20 and 39 years, were used as prostitutes on the premises after they were allegedly lured by the suspects with a promise of employment. Turkey Mauritania Human trafficking. Sweden Honduras Kiribati Seven victims, a Zambian, Zimbabwean, three from Lesotho and two South Africans were rescued in Rustenburg,” he said. Suriname Slovakia Nigeria Gambia Bahrain The government convicted eight traffickers, three men and five women, the same number as the previous year. Uganda Although a range of government and non-government entities identified victims, DSD was responsible for designating and certifying trafficking victim status and authorizing the provision of protective services. PACOTIP criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of up to life imprisonment, a fine of up to 100 million South African rand ($7.1 million), or both. Both the NICTIP and the provincial task teams often exhibited poor coordination and communication. The National Head of the Directorate for Priority Crime Investigation ( DPCI) Lieutenant General Godfrey Lebeya welcomed the arrests and commended the role played by all units. Traffickers recruit victims from poor countries and poor and/or rural areas within South Africa to urban centers, such as Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, and Bloemfontein, where traffickers force victims into sex trafficking and forced labor in domestic service, criminal activities, and agriculture. Of the 377 victims identified, 238 were men, 79 were women, 26 were boys, and 34 were girls; 312 victims were foreign nationals and 65 were South African. Serbia & Montenegro In collaboration with NGOs and an international organization, the government conducted another 16 trainings, which reached at least 680 participants. The NPA, Department of Health, local government, NGOs, the fire department, and religious leaders raised awareness of community members and distributed leaflets and brochures on the role of TCCs as related to trafficking. Iraq Mexico The act limited temporary employment to three months, after which employees were considered permanent and entitled to full labor protections and benefits. El Salvador Human trafficking on the rise At least more than one person is trafficked in South Africa per month. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. “Another simultaneous operation also led to a closure of a house in Kuruman. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Indonesia Belize The Directorate of Priority Crime Investigation (the Hawks) reported that it investigated 24 potential trafficking cases, 13 for potential sex trafficking, six for potential labor trafficking and five determined later not to be trafficking cases, compared with 36 investigations of potential cases during the previous reporting period. Wake Island With human trafficking protests flaring up across the country on Wednesday, we look at the official SAPS list of 'kidnapping hotspots' in South Africa. • Ensure victims are issued appropriate immigration identification documents in order to receive protective services. Law enforcement referred 164 victims to the Hawks at the provincial level to ensure officers trained in victim-centered investigations were assigned to potential trafficking cases and referred 23 to the NPA at the provincial level for victim-centered investigations by prosecutors trained on human trafficking. Curacao Germany South African law enforcement agencies increased efforts to investigate, prosecute, and convict traffickers, including within organized criminal syndicates that facilitated the crime. An NGO operated a National Human Trafficking Resource Line, which received 2,543 calls that led to the identification of 22 victims from South Africa, Eswatini, Ghana, and Malawi. Mozambique NGOs reported that government shelter staff sometimes failed to keep victims informed about their case status or to provide dependency counseling and adequate security. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Cuba Algeria The DHA had no formal, written procedures to guide the handling of trafficking cases; draft regulations awaited approval by the DHA Minister at the close of the reporting period. United States of America Israel We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. During the reporting period, SAPS conducted compliance assessments of 54 police stations to address non-compliance with government directives, including their responses to potential trafficking cases. For social workers, medical professionals, and immigration officers, training focused on applying victim-centered approaches. Hong Kong Guyana The government conducted national awareness-raising activities during the reporting period. Argentina by Tom Head 23-09-2020 11:01 Costa Rica The government referred 210 victims to shelters across seven provinces, provided protective services for 141 victims, and repatriated nine victims; 65 victims voluntarily returned to their countries or communities. COVID-19 impact on migrant smuggling and human trafficking 11 June 2020. Lithuania Monaco Haiti The government approved its National Policy Framework, a strategic plan including a national action plan intended to improve capacity and coordination to combat trafficking among government agencies. Samoa Gabon Grenada In addition, DSD was responsible for monitoring the provision of protective services, preparing victim-witnesses for court, and accompanying them through trial and repatriation, if applicable. French Southern Ter Gibraltar Congo Democratic Rep These cookies do not store any personal information. Receipt books and three vehicles that were used in the commission of crimes were also confiscated. Only one shelter provided care exclusively for trafficking victims, and only one shelter provided care for male trafficking victims; no shelters provided care exclusively for male victims. Human trafficking is a seriouscrime and violation of human rights, involving force, coercion, or fraud to exploit a person into slave labor or sexual exploitation.. Human trafficking can happen to people of all ages and genders and any race or religious background.Women are often used for sexual exploitation, while men are usually used for forced labor. Nepal Guadeloupe Anecdotal evidence suggests that South African children can also be forced to provide unpaid labor for landowners in return for land occ The Western Cape provincial government also developed an outreach program taking social services from NGOs and government agencies to rural communities and vulnerable groups. Azores Czech Republic The government and non-government entities identified 377 victims, compared with 260 victims in 2018. Prosecutors sometimes relied on the Prevention of Organized Crime Act of 1998 in combination with CLAA, which added additional charges—such as money laundering, racketeering, or criminal gang activity—and increased penalties of convicted defendants. Guatemala Burkina Faso Cocos Island Sri Lanka Some of the provincial task teams ceased meeting or functioning. Bahamas Somalia The government conducted 43 trainings during the reporting period, reaching more than 2,000 front-line officials. South Africa: Moral Panic Over Human Trafficking Is Hurting Children, Says Report ... 27 August 2020. Togo The fellowship will run from December 2020 until May 2021, with the potential for renewal. 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Palestine Portugal St Eustatius Poor understanding of trafficking hindered the government’s overall anti-trafficking efforts. Over 90% percent of nations in Africa that operate in human trafficking do it on the trio which means they are the source, the transit points and the destinations for the trafficked ones. Iceland Saipan Isle of Man • Extend the availability of drug rehabilitation services to trafficking victims. The government continued to work towards implementation of the SADC regional data collection tool. Tunisia San Marino Human trafficking in South Africa occurs as a practice of forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation among imported and exported trafficked men, women, and children. At a transport hub in Johannesburg, various government departments partnered with a national anti-trafficking network to raise awareness amongst commuters. Sep 28, 2020 Nigerians Arrested For Human Trafficking In South Africa Police in South Africa have arrested a human trafficking ring and rescued 10 women who were bei ng … British Indian Ocean Ter Cambodia For prosecutors and judges, training focused on application of the anti-trafficking law and coordination with law enforcement. Chile As a result, if undocumented foreign national victims did not participate in law enforcement investigations, the government sometimes deported them. Cape Verde Police indicated they often did not have interpreters to acquire victim-witness statements within the two-day window during which charges must be filed, even if interpreters existed in the province. Trafficking is a reality in South Africa and if you know the enemy and the modus operandi, you won’t be misled easily, says the writer. Fiji Nicaragua These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Colombia These guesthouses were apparently used as brothels. Vatican City State Greenland Kenya Implementing regulations for the 2013 Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons (PACOTIP) act’s immigration provisions were not promulgated for the seventh straight year. Human Trafficking is the abuse of children, women, and men for their... bodies and labour, for personal or financial gain. In South Africa, campaigners and organizations claim that 30,000 children are smuggled into the nation yearly. The DOJ included, for the first time, an indicator on trafficking in its annual performance plan, the department’s strategic plan through which Parliament held it accountable. Laws and governance are a start to elimination. Kuwait NGOs criticized SAPS for not identifying victims; some SAPS officers failed to follow referral guidelines. The hotline often received calls from community members who were unable to get help from police stations on trafficking cases, as front-line officials did not know how to assist. Belgium Netherlands The five men were arrested on Sunday morning following a Hawks Northern Cape and North West Serious Organised Crime investigation with the assistance of Crime Intelligence, K9, TRT, Crime Scene Investigation and the Department of Home Affairs. Trained law enforcement took victim statements in confidential and safe environments. In addition, the Children’s Amendment Act of 2005 prescribed penalties of five years’ to life imprisonment or fines for the use, procurement, or offer of a child for slavery, commercial sexual exploitation, or to commit crimes. St Vincent & Grenadines Azerbaijan The government spoke about trafficking on live radio broadcasts. Traffickers exploit young men from neighboring countries who migrate to South Africa for farm work; some are subsequently arrested and deported as undocumented immigrants. However, NGOs reported they could not always access available funds with the urgency required after identifying victims. Brunei Bulgaria For law enforcement officers, trainings covered promising practices, including investigation, proactive identification of victims, victim-centered interview techniques, and evidence gathering. 2020-07-29. China Latvia Thailand Great Britain Bangladesh Home. Written By: Swati Pramod Dive, II M.A. French Guiana Guam Saudi Arabia It’s modern-day slavery. The Criminal Law (Sexual Offenses and related matters) Amendment Act of 2007 (CLAA) also criminalized the sex trafficking of children and adults and prescribed penalties of up to life in prison; these penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as rape. Photo: iStock . Midway Islands The NPA, the national Department for Social Development (DSD) and all of its regional offices, the Department for International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), and SAPS led the majority of training for judges, prosecutors, law enforcement officers, social workers, medical professionals, and immigration officers. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The team behind the study focused on 53 court cases from 2006 to 2020, which took place in 15 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America and the European Court of Human Rights and included a female defendant that was also a victim of trafficking for sexual exploitation. Mayotte Cayman Islands The Basic Conditions of Employment Act of 1997 (BCEA), amended in 2014, criminalized forced labor and prescribed maximum penalties of three to six years’ imprisonment. Canada Bonaire Maxwell Matewere, a Malawian crime prevention expert with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), has been active in the anti-human trafficking field for more than two decades. Barbados Nauru Ireland Italy Five suspects, arrested in connection with alleged human trafficking, are expected to appear in the Rustenburg and Kuruman Magistrate Courts today, in South Africa. Successful applicants will receive generous stipends, and will work with a multinational support team. The government continued oversight and partial funding of 13 accredited NGO-run multipurpose shelters and oversaw 88 semi-accredited shelters that provided temporary care to victims for three nights. Estonia The government identified more trafficking victims and referred all to care, providing protective services in partnership with NGOs and international organizations, and increased protective services for victims who assisted ongoing law enforcement investigations. Puerto Rico One of the investigations was a joint operation by the DOEL and SAPS, in which authorities arrested seven Chinese nationals, four men and three women, for alleged forced labor of 91 Malawian nationals, 37 of whom were children. Iran The investigation saw law enforcement raid three brothels in Kuruman and Rustenburg, ultimately arresting the five. Maldives 22 Oct 2020 . The Miss SA 2020 judge Anele revealed that unknown men entered her hotel room with their own keys in a bid alleged to take away the award …