ABC Bulletin 19(2) pp 206-208. NG010 Cross River National Park (Okwango Division) The shape of its head with a curved bill and crest at the back is reminiscent of a hammer, hence its name. Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. These are limited to owls, nighthawks, night-herons, frogmouths, kiwis and kakapos. The large forest hornbills are virtually restricted to the 2 Forest National Parks as a result of the hunting pressures. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Most birds migrate at night. According to eyewitnesses, three large birds were spotted over the sky on Afromedia st in the early hours of Thursday. Order: Passeriformes Family: Acrocephalidae. Howbeit covertly, most owners of drones in Nigeria still fly them and go about their normal businesses. The Old World orioles are colourful passerine birds. Order: Passeriformes Family: Macrosphenidae. Further information on Nigeria’s IBAs can be found in the publication edited by Augustine U. Ezealor 2002 entitled "Critical sites for Biological Conservation in Nigeria" published by the Nigerian Conservation Foundation. Order: Caprimulgiformes Family: Caprimulgidae. ", Mr Bello was also reported by Nigeria's Guardian newspaper group as saying: "We think someone may have imported or smuggled in contaminated birds. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. ₦ 8,000. Join Facebook to connect with Bird Nigeria and others you may know. Malimbus 29(1) pp 16-30. During a visit to Anwase, Kwande, in Benue State, near the border with Cameroon, on 6 - 8 January 2012, a flufftail observed at dusk at the Kwande River with a telescope was identified as a female Chestnut-headed Flufftail Sarothrura lugens; this would be the first record for Nigeria. Their heads and long wings have black markings. A large owl, seen in Afi River Forest Reserve on 10 February, appears to have been a Shelley's Eagle Owl Bubo shelleyi; the roosting bird, found in the middle of the day and observed at close quarters, was described as being significantly larger than African Wood Owl Strix woodfordii and having broad dark brown and white bars on the underparts, from the throat down, which rules out Fraser's Eagle Owl Bubo poensis. It is possible to see all of these species within the Becheve Reserve, a small protected area that has been established on the plateau to protect one of the largest patches of forest. The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Nigeria has 940 bird species, of which 5 are endemic. Nigeria has been coined a “MINT” country, and its former capital and largest city is said to be the second fastest growing city on … Although similar in build to the shrikes, these tend to be either colourful species or largely black; some species are quite secretive. As their name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye. The Birds of Nigeria). NG013 Kagoro-Nindam Forest Reserves Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. Rufous Flycatcher Thrush Stizorhina fraseri was recorded in October 2013–January 2014, whilst Kemp’s Longbill Macrosphenus kempi and Yellow Longbill M. flavicans were found to be scarce residents. The family occurs mostly in southern to western Eurasia and surroundings, but it also ranges far into the Pacific, with some species in Africa. Order: Psittaciformes Family: Psittacidae. Order: Passeriformes Family: Certhiidae. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. The national animal of Nigeria is the eagle. NG009 Pandam Wildlife Park Gbadegesin19:. In this area, 2 restricted range endemics, the Rock Firefinch Lagonosticta sanguinodorsalis and its brood-parasite the Plateau Indigobird Vidua maryae can be found. A Bit of Birding in Nigeria. Nightjars eat moths and large insects at dusk or all through the night. Order: Passeriformes Family: Cisticolidae. TOBLER, M. & NAURIN, S. (2008) On the occurrence of the Alpine Swift Apus melba in Nigeria. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. 147 plates depicting over 1280 species in 2800 individual figures. Parrots in Nigeria. (2014) First record of Bamenda Apalis Apalis bamendae for Nigeria. Presumably the same Rufous-vented Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone rufocinerea was seen several times in the dry season, between 24 November 2013 and 20 January 2014. Order: Caprimulgiformes Family: Apodidae. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. At this time, the lake shore area has sizeable populations of birds of prey including significant numbers of Steppe Eagles Aquila nipalensis, Short-toed Snake Eagles Circaetus gallicus, Booted Eagles Hieraaetus pennatus and Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus. ABC Bulletin 9(2) pp 101-106. Though the members of this family are similar in many respects to the southern storm-petrels, including their general appearance and habits, there are enough genetic differences to warrant their placement in a separate family. For most of these species there were previously no records north of Ile-Ife, at 07°29’N. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. The drongos are mostly black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Haematopodidae. Some species have distinct crests. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Order: Passeriformes Family: Platysteiridae. The only thing required is a Basic membership / registration which is free of charge. Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. Gill, F. and D. Donsker (Eds). 512 pages. Order: Passeriformes Family: Passeridae. available through the ABC website. On 16 December, a Yellow-footed Flycatcher was feeding young at Buanchor, Cross River State. The guide also contains an updated colour distribution map for each species and a number of new images have been painted just for this guide. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. Only the area around the capital Niamey, Makalondi district and Parc National du W, all in the southwest of the country, and the Aïr Mountains in the north, have been birded more or less systematically. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence. Obudu Plateau is situated in the south-east of the country in Cross river State close to the border with Cameroon. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. Among the Subalpine Warblers Sylvia cantillans mist-netted in Dagona Bird Sanctuary, northern Nigeria, in February 2007, the great majority proved to be of the subspecies moltoni (sometimes proposed as a separate species, Moltoni’s Warbler), with the rest being of the nominate race. The bird inhabits much of equatorial and Sub-Saharan Africa, including Niger. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. NG008 Omo Forest Reserve Source(s): former volunteer - Avian Rehabilitation Center longtime avid birdwatcher. ", "Globalisation has turned the chicken into the world’s number one migratory bird species," said Leon Bennun, Director of Science of BirdLife International. They eat insects and fruit. Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae. NG018 Yankari National Park Leaf warblers are a family of small insectivorous birds found mostly in Eurasia and ranging into Wallacea and Africa. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The list of IBAs NG001 - NG030 is as follows: NG001 Obudu Plateau In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. The sought-after Mount Kupe Bush-Shrike is listed as Endangered and was known from three sites in an area of 200 km2; this Nigerian record extends the previously known range by c150 km. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. Sylviid warblers, parrotbills, and allies. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow-black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Find cheap airline tickets on Wego.com.ng by searching the cheapest airlines flying to Nigeria. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills. Now let us look at some of these birds that cannot fly. Order: Passeriformes Family: Hyliotidae. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Other chapters cover migration, breeding, and co-operative / parasitic breeding, and there are appendices of ringing recoveries, references, English and scientific names. Cooler nighttime temperatures also help keep hard-working birds from overheating. Malimbus 31(1) pp 57. This attractive book is the result of a 30-year fascination with nocturnal birds, and covers not only southern Africa’s 12 owl and seven nightjar species, but also Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus, night herons (two species), Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii, thick-knees (two), coursers (two), and, more succinctly, a few partially nocturnal birds. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. BOU checklist 4. Here are some tips for nocturnal bird observation: 1. at Lagos, Nigeria, in July 1970. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. The members of this small family, all of genus Hyliota, are birds of the forest canopy. Listen on calm, clear … Order: Passeriformes Family: Phylloscopidae. Up to six Blue-moustached Bee-eaters Merops mentalis were observed regularly at Ebontema Tourist Camp in late April–May 2013, with up to three there in October 2013–early April 2014; the species has not previously been recorded in the wet season. NG025 Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. Their oddly shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume and, uniquely, are used upside-down. The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. In case you are not a member, you will be redirected automatically to the registration form and from there can go straight to the country page. ABC Bulletin 20(2) pp 205-207. Grey-throated Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus griseigularis was observed at Old Ndebiji on 26 and 27th. NG019 Kainji Lake National Park Truly nocturnal species of birds that fly, hunt, forage and raise their young during the night hours are rare. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Lekki Conservation Centre. Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. Many other species of birds are diurnal, flying only during the day for most of the year, and then change to a night flying pattern during migration periods. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. A belated record from 2006 concerns a juvenile Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos photographed c.10 km inshore from the Imo River estuary at Ikot Abasi, Akwa Ibom State, south-east Nigeria, on 22 October; this apparently represents the first record for Nigeria. Of the other 2, Ibadan Malimbe Malimbus ibadanensis is restricted to a small area in the degraded forest belt of the south-west and the Anambra Waxbill Estrilda poliopareia is only found in the southern part of the Niger Delta. This is a list of the bird species recorded in Nigeria. They can sit and stare curiously at things that seem curious, fly around the room or hang upside down in the cage. See the following 2 websites or your own embassy website for safety and travel information: US Travel and UK FCO. Most are rather plain olivaceous brown above with much yellow to beige below. We know of no tours organised to Nigeria. They get their name from the brightly coloured fleshy eye decorations found in most species in this group. May 22, 2014 – Picture: Flying Bird Fell & Turned Into Human Being In Ajegunle Lagos, Nigeria; Witch Woman Confesses On Wednesday, an old woman escaped being killed by eyewitnesses who saw her as she was being transformed into a human being from bird yesterday in Lagos state Nigeria. Whilst the precise nature of the outbreak is unknown, it seems more than likely that the virus arrived through infected poultry brought into the country in defiance of Nigeria's import controls. PH saw a pair at Obudu Plateau on 4 May 2004. Birds of Africa south of the Sahara also covers the same countries except the Cape Verde Islands. A pair of Red-capped Larks Calandrella cinerea was seen at Amurum, Jos, on 16 February. Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. At least 6 Crossley’s Ground-Thrushes Zoothera crossleyi were singing on Obudu Plateau from 2 to 4 May. About 21 species of restricted range are found in them of which 8 are species of global conservation concern. NG028 Old Oyo National Park Sjostedt’s Owlet Glaucidium sjostedti was heard on 7th on the way to Old Aking Hill and 1 was seen at Aking on the way out. These are Forest Swallow Hirundo fuliginosa, Cameroon Montane Greenbul Andropadus montanus, Grey-headed Greenbul Phyllastrephus poliocephalus, Bangwa Forest Warbler Bradypterus bangwaensis, Grey-necked Picathartes Picathartes oreas, White-throated Mountain Babbler Kupeornis gilberti, Green-breasted Bush-Shrike Malaconotus gladiator and Bannerman’s Weaver Ploceus bannermani. Second edition 1994. 1994. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Posted on April 21, 2014 Updated on April 22, 2014. They are camouflaged in mottled gray and brown plumage. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. They are not related to the New World orioles. Order: Accipitriformes Family: Accipitridae. The stars and the moon aid night-flying birds’ navigation. The Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands to the north-east of Kano on the southern edge of the Sahel savanna is one of the most important wetland areas in West Africa for waterbirds, both for breeding species and for wintering and passage Palearctic migrants. But they are better compensated because they are very strong and powerful with special features. Spot-breasted Ibises Bostrychia rara flew in twos or threes over Rhoko Camp at dusk on three dates in February–April 2014. For further details, download the country IBAs from BirdLife International. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. The southern storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. NG003 Ngel-Nyaki Forest Reserve Nigeria has a bad reputation overseas for lawlessness but if sensible precautions are taken, it is possible to travel throughout the country without any incident. BirdLife International (2000) Threatened Birds of the World. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed, and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over. Guidebooks, travel companies and websites provide much of the advice one needs, but some key points warrant repetition here. Nkulengu Rail Himantornis haematopus was particularly vocal at night during the late dry season until the start of the rains (February–June 2014) when up to three pairs could be heard duetting. Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium to large coastal, fish-eating seabirds that includes cormorants and shags. ABC Bulletin 8(2) pp 121-126. There are no specific birding guides in Nigeria although Phil Hall and Dr S. Manu at the Ornithological Institute in Jos are able to help anybody interested in birding in Nigeria. Order: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae. They are seed-eating birds with distinctively shaped bills. "Movements of chickens around the world take place 365 days a year, unlike the seasonal migrations of wild birds. Guineafowl are a group of African, seed-eating, ground-nesting birds that resemble partridges, but with featherless heads and spangled grey plumage. The Cameroon race of African Finfoot Podica senegalensis camerunensis was seen in Okomu on 25 January. Prior to this, apart from a 3-year migration study at Lake Chad, there had been very little interest in Nigeria since the 1980s. Species have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed,... Very short legs and very long thin tails white and orangey-pink colouring with a curved bill crest! 10 July was a considerable southern extension to its known range listen calm... 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