Learn more about the Danube River in this article. It covers about 18,000 square miles (47,000 square km) at the Inn confluence, 81,000 square miles (210,000 square km) after joining with the Drava, and 228,000 square miles (590,000 square km) below the confluences of its most affluent tributaries, the Sava and the Tisza. The river valley looks most imposing there, and the river’s depth and current velocity fluctuate widely. But threats from new sources of pollution are looming on the world’s most international river, which tracks almost 1,800 miles through 10 countries and four capitals. The basin of the middle Danube exhibits two main features: the flatland of the Little Alfold and Great Alfold plains and the low peaks of the Western Carpathians and Transdanubian Mountains. It rises in the Black Forest mountains of western Germany and flows for some 1,770 miles (2,850 km) to its mouth on the Black Sea. The Danube then flows through Austrian territory, where it cuts into the slopes of the Bohemian Forest and forms a narrow valley. More than half of the entire Danube basin is drained by its right-bank tributaries, which collect their waters from the Alps and other mountain areas and contribute up to two-thirds of the total river runoff or outfall. On a daily basis, ships mainly perform rescue and hydrographic tasks. In 2021 the ICPDR will be seeking your public input on the next update to our management plans (DRBMP & DFRMP. Below, you find a table with some general information on all countries that have a share in the Danube River Basin. Experience dynamic Budapest, imperial Vienna and exquisitely preserved Prague. At this point, the Danube has already passed through ten countries and left its fascinating mark on each region. How long is the Danube River? There the river stream slows down abruptly and loses its transporting capacity, so that enormous quantities of gravel and sand settle on the bottom. Learn more about the Danube River in this article. A Danube river cruise may include spectacular cities like Vienna, Budapest, Munich and Prague. Beyond the Iron Gate the lower Danube flows across a wide plain; the river becomes shallower and broader, and its current slows down. The Danube river rises in Germany’s Black Forest and flows through or along the borders of 10 countries. Countries of the Danube River Basin. 18 thoughts on “Danube River: What Countries Can You Explore” Charlotte. The Danube played a vital role in the settlement and political evolution of central and southeastern Europe. Its source lies in the Black Forest mountains of western Germany; it flows for approximately 2,850 kilometers (1,770 miles) to its mouth at the Black Sea. For the ten countries that border the river, the Danube is of crucial economic importance. Tisza River comes up next originating from Ukrain… Click the Danube River Countries 15; Click the Mekong Countries 15; 4 to 13 Letter 'J' Places 9; Extreme Continents 8; Is It In Asia? The Danube, known by various names in other languages, is Europe’s second longest river, after the Volga.It is located in Central and Eastern Europe. Generation of hydroelectricity, fishing and irrigation are primary ways the river is used. The tributaries in this section are comparatively small and account for only a modest increase in the total runoff. Shortly before it reaches Passau on the Austrian border, the river narrows and its bottom abounds with reefs and shoals. The type of drainage pattern that is seen in the Danube river is known as a tributary pattern. River accumulation has built a large number of islands, including Csepel Island near Budapest. The Danube passes through or touches the borders of ten countries, flowing through four capital cities on its path. Reply. The Danube enters the Little Alfold plain immediately after emerging from the Hungarian Gates Gorge near Bratislava, Slovakia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Level 56. The upper Danube springs as two small streams—the Breg and Brigach—from the eastern slopes of the Black Forest mountains of Germany, which partially consist of limestone. Navigation is possible only by way of the Sulina Channel, which has been straightened and dredged along its 39-mile (63-km) length. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 855-222-3214 Call Emerald Waterways 855-222-3214. 19 countries share the Danube River Basin, which makes it the world’s most international river basin. The river’s majesty has long been celebrated in music. All countries sharing over 2,000 km² of the Danube River Basin, as well as the European Union, are contracting parties of the ICPDR. Data in the table above is based on the Danube Basin Analysis 2005 with updates. easy2see is a quality label for better, accessible applications. The waterway is also a major artery in Austria, with ports at Regensburg, Passau, Linz, Melk and Vienna. Spend two weeks cycling and sailing along the course of the Danube, experiencing six different countries and four capital cities. It is the capital of Hungary, formed by the combination of the Buda and Pest regions on both sides of the Danube River. Omissions? The Danube was referred to as the “Queen of Europe’s River” by Napoleon. The river basin expands unevenly along its length. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . Choosing one of the river Danube cruises to enjoy the beauty of this body of water is a very good idea, especially if you are looking for a romantic vacation. On a daily basis, ships mainly perform rescue and hydrographic tasks. Thank you. Some countries, such as Austria, have a river war fleet on the Danube. There is a country on the list the Danube river does not pass through: Moldova. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe.. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Danube-River, International Rivers - Defending the Danube, Danube River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Danube River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Delightful Danube & Prague (2021) Budapest to Prague | 10 days. The ICPDR works towards managing flood risks in sustainable ways. Generation of hydroelectricity, fishing and irrigation are primary ways the river is used. This biosphere reserve is home to Europe’s largest pelican colony. Near Tulcea, Romania, some 50 miles (80 km) from the sea, the river begins to spread out into its delta. Isar River at its source in the Karwendelgebirge (mountains), Bavaria, Germany. The silting hampers navigation and occasionally divides the river into two or more channels. The countries that sit along the Danube River have managed to seamlessly blend the best of the old and new together, and may be the reason for Europe's unwavering popularity amongst travellers.