The prime contractor is Northrop Grumman.. ", "STScI NGST Libration Point Introduction", "Assessment of Mission Design Including Utilization of Libration Points and Weak Stability Boundaries", James Webb Space Telescope Initial Mid-Course Correction Monte Carlo Implementation using Task Parallelism, "Webb Science: The End of the Dark Ages: First Light and Reionization", "Webb Spacecraft Science & Operations Center Contract Awarded", "Amazing Miniaturized 'SIDECAR' Drives Webb Telescope's Signal", "James Webb Space Telescope – The First 30 Days After Launch", "Selections Made for the JWST Director's Discretionary Early Release Science Program", Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), Independent Verification and Validation Facility (IV&V), Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility (CSBF), Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRS), Space Applications and Telecommunications Centre, Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, European Launcher Development Organisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Webb_Space_Telescope&oldid=999397026, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 20.197 by 14.162 metres (66.26 ft × 46.46 ft) (sunshield), Christyl Johnson (Deputy Director, Technology and Research Investments), Xinjishu Yanzheng-7 / Haisi-1 / Tianqi-8 / Yuanguang / ET-SMART-RSS (22 December), This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 23:47. , The telescope's delays and cost increases can be compared to the Hubble Space Telescope. All in all, the JWST will weigh 14,000 pounds, which is about as much as a full-size school bus. For this reason the JWST's instruments will not measure visible or ultraviolet light like the Hubble Telescope, but will have a much greater capacity to perform infrared astronomy.  This has meant most infrared telescopes have a lifespan limited by their coolant, as short as a few months, maybe a few years at most.  This distant orbit would have benefited from reduced light noise from zodiacal dust. , In the 2005 re-plan, the life-cycle cost of the project was estimated at about US$4.5 billion. However, infrared telescopes have a disadvantage: they need to stay extremely cold and the longer the wavelength of infrared, the colder they need to be.  Later that year, TRW was acquired by Northrop Grumman in a hostile bid and became Northrop Grumman Space Technology. Ball Aerospace & Technologies has been subcontracted to develop and build the Optical Telescope Element (OTE). , NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, is leading the management of the observatory project. With the conclusion of the year just days away, we are excited to announce #NASAWebb has cleared one of its most important testing milestones to date. JWST may be used to gather information on the dimming light of star KIC 8462852, which was discovered in 2015, and has some abnormal light-curve properties. , Another important aspect of the Spacecraft Bus is the central computing, memory storage, and communications equipment.  The other two major elements of the JWST are the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) and the Optical Telescope Element (OTE). Subsequent to this initial configuration they will only need occasional updates every few days to retain optimal focus. , The Spacecraft Bus is connected to Optical Telescope Element via the Deployable Tower Assembly, which also connects to the sunshield. The longer wavelengths enable Webb to look much closer to the beginning of time and to hunt for the unobserved formation of the first galaxies, as well as to look inside dust clouds where stars and planetary systems are forming today.  The MCDR encompassed all previous design reviews.  In March 2018, NASA further delayed the launch after the telescope's sunshield ripped during a practice deployment. The James Webb Space Telescope (sometimes called Webb or JWST) is a large infrared telescope with a 6.5-meter primary mirror.  It is made primarily of graphite composite material. The James Webb Space Telescope (also known as “JWST” or “WEBB”) is a large telescope that is planned to be launched into space in the near future. The JWST's construction was completed in late 2016, after which its extensive testing phase began. , Cost growth revealed in spring 2005 led to an August 2005 re-planning. , As of July 2020[update], launch is planned on 31 October 2021, on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana. Data will be transmitted from JWST to the ground via the NASA Deep Space Network, processed and calibrated at STScI, and then distributed online to astronomers worldwide. Were deemed sufficiently mature to retire in 2014 ( Back when we also though Webb... Mass was possible very precise micro-motors project is working to a 2021 launch date of 2010 feet, roughly. During testing in 2018 were among the factors delaying the project into its detailed design phase ( phase )... Management '' as in its observing dust disks around stars large for existing launch.... 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