vietnam communist leader

Nguyen Minh Triet, Former President of Vietnam. He was promoted to fifth position in the party at a congress in April 2006. [3], In 1928 the headquarters of the Youth League in Canton was forced underground by Chinese nationalists led by the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party - KMT). [48] At the fourth Central Committee plenum of the eighth Party Congress, Lê Khả Phiêu was elected General Secretary and Đỗ Mười, Lê Đức Anh and Võ Văn Kiệt officially resigned from politics and were elected Advisory Council of the Central Committee. He was party secretary for Ho Chi Minh City, the top position in the city government, from 1996 to 2000. [80] The political platform of the second Party Congress held in 1951 stated: "The people's democratic revolution is neither an old-type capitalist democratic revolution nor socialist revolution, it is a new-type capitalist democratic revolution which will evolve into socialist revolution without experiencing a revolutionary civil war. It is also known for the advocacy of what it calls a "socialist-oriented market economy" while another ideology of CPV, the Ho Chi Minh Thought, introduced by Ho which combines Vietnamese culture, French revolutionary ideas, liberal ideas, Marxist–Leninist communist ideals and Ho Chi Minh's personal qualities. Thịnh was elected Vice President of Vietnam on 8 April 2016 after winning 91.09% of votes (450 votes) in the National Assembly, continuing the recent norm of having a woman holding this position. PlanetRulers - Current Heads of State & Dictators. As of 2017[update], the 12th Politburo comprises 19 members. – Native land: Phu An Commune, Ben Cat District, Binh Duong province Although nominally exists alongside the Vietnamese Fatherland Front, it maintains a unitary government and has centralised control over the state, military and media. The party's economic goal was to build a strong and prosperous socialist country in 20 years. The Vietnamese public and state media generally refers to the CPV simply as Đảng ("the Party") or Đảng ta ("our Party"). [54] The party and state bureaucracy opposed Linh's reform initiatives; because of this, Linh tried to win the support of provincial leaders, causing the powers of the provincial chapters of the CPV to increase in the 1990s. [78] In the face of de-emphasising the role of Marxism–Leninism, the party has acquired a broader ideology, laying more emphasis on nationalism, developmentalism and becoming the protector of tradition.[79]. The South Vietnamese forces had collapsed under the rapid advancement of the North Vietnamese. Only through this destruction can Vietnam transit to socialism. [2] The group sought political and social objectives—national independence and the redistribution of land to working peasants. [58], The General Secretary of the Central Committee is the highest office within the Communist Party,[59] is elected by the Central Committee, and can remain in post for two five-year terms. The National Congress is the party's highest organ,[50] and is held once every five years. He attended the People’s Police School in 1972. In the past, the office of general secretary was the party’s top position, but Trong is ranked only No. From 2000 to 2006 he was Deputy Secretary of Party Committee, Deputy General Director of the General Security, the Ministry of Public Security. [90], Many Vietnamese and overseas people have been concerned about the party's current ideology. All is the search for dollars. [72] Hồ Chí Minh Thought and Marxism–Leninism became the official ideologies of the CPV and the state in 1991. The party was restored in 1935, and Lê Hồng Phong was elected its General Secretary. This policy continued until the sixth National Congress, when Nguyễn Văn Linh took power. The Secretariat oversees the work of the Departments of the Central Committee. [11], At the beginning of the war, the Indochinese Communist Party instructed its members to go into hiding in the countryside. [36] The party leadership acknowledged the failures of the Second Five-Year Plan, claiming that their failure to grasp the economic and social conditions aggravated the country's economic problems. The Secretary of the Central Military Commission is the party's General Secretary while the post of Deputy Secretary is held by the Minister of National Defence. Became full Party member on March 30, 1966. In response, councils were organized in villages in an effort to govern themselves locally. The first was at the sixth Central Committee plenum of the fourth Party Congress in September 1979, but the most revealing one occurred at the 10th Central Committee plenum of the fourth Party Congress which lasted form 9 October to 3 November 1981. At the first session of the 13th National Assembly ratified the Prime Minister’s proposals on appointing the new cabinet. There has never been a scientific and revolutionary theory like Marxism–Leninism. [33] In the south, the United States of America established a pro-American Republic of Vietnam (RVN), commonly known as South Vietnam, in 1955. From 1973 to 1974, Mạnh served as director of the Phu Loung State Forestry Camp in Bac Thai province. Trương Tấn Sang (born on 21 January 1949) is the current president of Vietnam and the senior member of the politburo, the executive committee of the ruling Communist Party. He was also appointed head of the party’s economic commission at this time. In 1984, Mạnh became the deputy secretary of the committee, and in November 1986, the secretary of the committee. the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control. She is the first female head of state in a communist country since Sabine Bergmann-Pohl of East Germany. The Politburo can implement policies which have been approved by either the previous Party Congress or the Central Committee. Lê Duẩn (April 7, 1907 – July 10, 1986) was the main leader of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) for much of the Vietnam War, serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam. [40] By 1985, it became apparent that the Third Five-Year Plan had failed miserably. In November 1931 dissidents emerging from within the Party formed the October Left Opposition (Ta Doi Lap Thang Moui) around the clandestine journal Thang Muoi (October). In response to French influence and manipulation which tried to destroy unity within Vietminh, the ICP was officially dissolved and downgraded into the Institute for studying Marxism in Indochina (Hội Nghiên cứu Chủ nghĩa Marx tại Đông Dương) as a gesture to unite all nationalist and non-communist factors to fight against French and pro-French forces. The Central Committee is the CPV's most powerful institution. [82] According to Nguyễn Phú Trọng, "[i]t is a new type of market economy in the history of the market economy’s development. The two ideologies serve as guidance for the activities of the party and state. Technically, Vietnam until this day is still a communist country having the one-party rule, that is the Communist Party of Vietnam, under Marxist-Leninist governance. American side commonly referred to the NLF as the Viet Cong (Việt Cộng) or VC for short. [56], The members of the Politburo are elected and given a ranking by the Central Committee immediately after a National Party Congress. [73], Since the Republic was founded, the key ideology has been Marxism–Leninism, but since the introduction of a mixed economy in the late 1980s and 1990s, it has lost its monopolistic ideological and moral legitimacy. Other points were to improve the deficiencies in central planning, improve economic trade relations with the COMECON countries, Laos and Kampuchea. [11] The Viet Minh was a broad organization that included many political parties, military groups, religious organizations and other factions who sought an independence for Vietnam. Rejecting the Comintern's "Kuomintang" line, Thâu insisted that "independence is inseparable from proletarian revolution.". [15][16] Once considered "the theoretician of the Vietnamese contingent in Moscow,"[17] Tường was calling for a new "mass-based" party arising directly "out of the struggle of the real struggle of the proletariat of the cities and countryside. It was in 1941 when Vietnam had two foreign powers occupying them, that communist Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh arrived back in Vietnam after spending 30 years traveling the world. Despite the group's small size, it exerted an influence in a turbulent Vietnamese social climate. At the June 1997 Central Committee meeting, both Lê Đức Anh and Võ Văn Kiệt confirmed their resignation to the ninth National Assembly, which was dissolved in September 1997. Socialism means the implementation of the principle of, In a socialist society, the relationship between class and ethnicity will be resolved through a combination of international and class solidarity—nationalism will be replaced by, Smith, R.B., "The Foundation of the Indochinese Communist Party, 1929-1930,", This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 22:38. After returning to Vietnam, he became the deputy head of the Bac Thai provicial forestry inspection board. sfn error: no target: CITEREFTaylor2004 (, International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties, General Secretary of the Central Committee, History of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, National Liberation Front of Southern Vietnam, People's Revolutionary Party of South Vietnam, Council for National Defense and Security, National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, 12th Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Secretariat of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Central Theoretical Council of the Communist Party of Vietnam, The Vietnamese Revolution: Fundamental Problems, Essential Tasks, 6th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist), Behind the Bamboo Hedge: The Impact of Homeland Politics in the Parisian Vietnamese Community, International Trotskyism, 1929-1985: A Documented Analysis of the Movement, Marxism in Southeast Asia; A Study of Four Countries, "The forgotten massacre of the Vietnamese Trotskyists | Workers' Liberty", "THE STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION OF THE LAO DONG PARTY OF VIET NAM", "Điều lệ Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam thông qua tại Đại hội đại biểu toàn quốc lần thứ XI của Đảng", 11th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam, http://123.30.190.43:8080/tiengviet/tulieuvankien/vankiendang/details.asp?topic=191&subtopic=9&leader_topic=990&id=BT1471157782%7C, "Central Theoretical Council marks its 20th anniversary", "Central Theoretical Council for 2016–2021 debuts", "Preamble of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam", Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Though the social conditions under which Marx wrote his works are not the same as now, the principles are the same. The commission can issue guidelines on military and defence policies, and has leadership in all aspects of the military. After an uprising in Cochinchina in 1940, most of the Central Committee, including Nguyen Van Cu (General Secretary) and Hà Huy Tập, were arrested and killed, and Lê Hồng Phong was deported to Côn Đảo and later died. Lê Hồng Phong was assigned by the Communist International to restore the movement. [1] The Youth League sought to make use of patriotism in an effort to end the colonial occupation of the country by France. As Ho Chi Minh declined physically and suffered failing health, Lê Duẩn assumed much of the executive power within North Vietnam. [87], The CPV maintains also friendly relations with Latin American left-wing political parties. The movement then declared a new, independent provisional Vietnamese government. At the Congress of the 12th National Party was elected to the Party Central Committee, the Central Government is elected to the Politburo. [43] At the sixth Party Congress, Nguyễn Văn Linh was elected the new General Secretary – this was a victory for the party's old guard reformist wing. However, Vietnam, like other communist countries, has to adopt some capitalist principles to survive. From 1972 to 1975 he was a student at the School of Foreign Languages Department of Cultural Affairs (now the Ministry of Public Security). At the 6th party plenum in March 1989, he was elevated to full central committee member. His authority soon “eclipsed” that of General Secretary Nong Duc Manh, the only person nominally above Sang in the party hierarchy, according to a leaked diplomatic cable by U.S. [52] It delegates some of its powers to the Secretariat and the Politburo when it is not in session. It controls the Vietnam People's Armed Forces. Lê Hồng Anh, the Minister of Public Security, was ranked second in the 10th Politburo because he received the second-highest number of approval votes. At this congress, he was also appointed head of the party’s Secretariat, which supervises the membership and internal structure of the party. For instance, in a people's democratic regime private ownership still exists, while in a communist or socialist stage of development, ownership does not exist. – January 1988 to September 1989: Complementarily elected to the Party Committee of southern Song Be province. To build a socialist society, communists have to imagine, outline and study society. [10] General Secretary Tran Phu and a number of Central Committee members were arrested and killed. Economic sectors operate in accordance with the law and are equal under the law in the interest of co-existence, cooperation and healthy competition. This position is merely ceremonial compared to that of senior politburo member, which Sang already holds. Trương Tấn Sang (born on 21 January 1949) is the current president of Vietnam and the senior member of the politburo, the executive committee of the ruling Communist Party. The thing is, we received Marxism in a theoretical sense, not in a full sense, and the information was not very precise. – January 2000 to June 2006: Politburo member, Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee. In South Vietnam there was the suppression of various sects and their independent armies (line 219), rebellions of minorities (lines 222 to 223), the pre-Vietnam War communist inspired guerrilla war directed by North Vietnam from 1954 through 1959 (lines 227 and 228), and the incursion into Cambodia (line 239). Marxism came to Vietnam through the interpretation of Stalin and Mao. She was a member of the 11th and 13th National Assemblies. 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